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Commercial Law After Brexit – Third Blog

Commercial Law Post Brexit 3

The third blog in our Commercial Law after Brexit series will take a closer look at Franchising, Outsourcing, Product Liability and the Supply of Goods and Services.  (If you missed part two – UK Commercial Law After Brexit – Second Blog).


Franchise structures have their basis principally in contract and intellectual property law. Neither the UK nor the EU has enacted any legislation specific to franchising. As a result, the franchising industry is unlikely to be directly affected by legal changes following Brexit unless the UK Government implements a change.


Outsourcing arrangements in the private sector are largely creatures of contract. As the core principles of English contract law were developed by English courts and Parliament, Brexit is unlikely to affect them.

Product liability and safety

The UK’s product liability and safety landscape is mainly derived from EU law. The overall long-term impact of the UK leaving the EU on the UK’s product safety and product liability regimes in the future is currently unclear. It certainly has the potential to be significant.

Supply of goods

Contracts for the supply of goods are largely governed by UK legislation, such as the Sale of Goods Act 1979 and the Unfair Contract Terms Act 1977, and the common law.

Implications on the business-to-business supply of goods contracts are likely to relate to the labelling of goods, price changes and increased haulage costs, import and export licences, changes in VAT rules, new customs process and procedures and a new trade remedies regime.

Supply of services

Business-to-business contracts for services are usually formulated in contracts between the parties, their needs and wants. There is a legislative framework: the Supply of Goods and Services Act 1982 (and add-ons) and this is not directly affected by Brexit. Similarly, common law principles still applicable to services contracts were developed by the English courts and as such will not be directly affected by Brexit (see the section below on contract Law). The main changes will of course be on the restrictions on the freedom of movement of people or changes in exchanges rates.

In addition to these general contract law principles, supply of services arrangements are affected by certain legislative frameworks that derive from EU-based laws. For example, data protection and the transfer of employees pursuant to TUPE.

Remember, very little changes for most companies in terms of Commercial Law after Brexit as most EU law will remain in effect over the UK indefinitely.   In our fourth and final blog we will consider the potential impact upon Contract Law, Consumer Rights, Interest on Late Payments and Jurisdiction. In the meantime, if you need advice or support on how Brexit might impact your business from a legal perspective, contact Hibberts Commercial Solicitors.

Keith Cutler

Solicitor Advocate

Keith qualified as a solicitor in 1991, having graduated with an Honours Degree in Law and completed Law Society Finals at Leeds Polytechnic. He was awarded a Masters Degree in a specialist area of legal history by the University of Keele in 1997 and was awarded higher rights of audience as a Solicitor Advocate in 2001.Keith joined Hibberts in 2008, having spent time with commercial law firms in both London and Manchester before returning to his Cheshire roots.